In the shipping industry, goods require proper packaging that would ensure safety and protection of the merchandise being moved both whiles on the ship and on transportation to their destination. This, therefore, means shipping containers are supposed to be strong, able to stand the shipment process, be a safe storage facility and allow handling. Various containers range from material they are made of to their designed make.
Types of Shipping Containers.
The first category we focus on material whereby there all sort of freight containers;
· The wooden containers, these are made wooden boxes used for large weight products such as weapons. An example of such containers is crates used by different government military services.
· Containers made of corrugated cardboard boxes; these are fiberboards that have been corrugated to come up with cheap lighter shipping device and are commonly preferred due to their reusability.
· Metallic or steel made, these are the usual freight containers that are transported by road, railway, and air and by shipping. They are the largest worldwide standard shipping containers, and this is because of their great durability and handling properties.
· Plastic containers are also widely used to transport material such as liquid products or those substances that are corrosive to both wooden and metallic devices.
Types of Containers based on Design.
· Flat rack container, these are open container that usually measure about 20 feet in size and have foldable sides that allow accommodation of large cargos.
· The general purpose dry storage type, these are used to ship and store dry goods. They come in varying sizes just like the rest of the containers, but the common measurements are the 20 feet and 40 feet long.
· The open top or open side container, as the name suggest the top cover can easily be opened to allow more room upwards, while the other one contains doors on either sides. They are used to ferry bulky goods and can be used to ship perishable products since the openings can act as ventilation.
· Tank containers are the made into units of various volumes and are used to transport liquid and gaseous product. Non corrosive steel is used to make these containers for safety purposes.
· Half height containers are commonly made of steel, and they measure half the size of a standard bulk container. They are designed to ferry goods such as bricks and coal, since they allow faster loading and offloading.
· Temperature regulated containers; these are either the refrigerated or the insulated ones that have modifications that regulate the atmospheric factors inside and are used widely for long distance transportation of perishable goods